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COMMUNICATION AND EMOTIONS IN NURSING STUDENTS

Dear student,

As a future registered nurse or nurse practitioner, we are asking for your collaboration in participating in a study on your attitudes towards various aspects of patient care. This research has been approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the University of Valencia, Spain H1529396558647. The questionnaire is ANONYMOUS, there are no right or wrong answers, please answer according to YOUR TRUE OPINION. If you agree to participate in the study you should answer the questions below.

The basic information you should know is as follows:


a) Objective of the study: to assess the attitude that nursing students have towards communication with the patient, in order to delimit the barriers, difficulties and even modulating variables such as emotional intelligence and empathy.


b) Methodology to be used for the study, type of collaboration expected of you and duration of such collaboration: for this study a series of psychological self‐report questionnaires will be applied, oriented to the evaluation of your attitudes towards communication, empathy and emotional intelligence. A self‐administered instrument will be used to collect the information, which will last 15‐20 minutes.

The personal data that you voluntarily provide will be incorporated into a confidential database, whose purpose is to file, manage and analyze them.

C) Alternative preventive, diagnostic and/or therapeutic procedures available to those being investigated with this study: given the type of study to be carried out, it is not appropriate to report alternative procedures.


d) Possible discomfort and risks of your participation in the study: There are no risks of participation in this study.


e) Measures to respond to adverse events: in the event of any adverse event in the subjects participating in the investigation, the research team will attend to it personally.


f) Measures to ensure adequate compensation in the event of damage: Completing questionnaires does not potentially lead to any damage.


g) Benefits expected from the research: The starting hypothesis of this research is that evaluating attitudes towards communication, emotional intelligence and empathy of nursing students will favor the physical and psychological well‐being of patients, will influence the improvement of the quality of care, as well as the satisfaction of nursing students with their work environment. In addition to motivating the patient, it will improve adherence to treatment and therefore, the control of the disease in patients and their satisfaction with the care received.


h) Consequences of non‐participation: The researchers are committed to ensuring that there
are no consequences of any kind if you decide not to participate in the study, and the relationship with those who refuse to participate will be as cordial and dedicated as with those who choose to participate.


i) Possibility of withdrawal at any time and consequences: your participation is completely
voluntary, you can withdraw from the project at any time by
informing the principal investigator (via email maria.c.gimenez@uv.es).  Your withdrawal will not have any negative consequences for you and will be accepted without problems by the research team.


j) Who funded the study? This study has not been funded.


k) Which institution carries out this study? The University of Valencia, Spain is the institution in
charge of carrying out this study.


l) Free to participate: Participants will not receive any financial compensation for their contribution to this study, nor will they incur any costs.


m) Forecast of later use of the results: the results obtained in this study will be used for the development of a doctoral thesis.

n) Research team: Vicente Javier Prado Gascó, (Director of the doctoral thesis) and María del Carmen Giménez Espert.


o) Contact details of the principal investigator for clarification or questions:
María del Carmen Giménez Espert. Assistant Professor at the Nursing Department of the University of Valencia. E‐mail:
maria.c.gimenez@uv.es. Telephone: (+34)963983143


p) The project will be carried out in accordance with the international ethical criteria set out in the Declaration of Helsinki.


COMMITMENT TO CONFIDENTIALITY
Measures to ensure respect for privacy and confidentiality of personal data: Appropriate measures have been taken to guarantee the complete confidentiality of the personal data of the experimental subjects participating in this study, in accordance with the Law on the Protection of Personal Data (Organic Law 3/2018, of December 5, on the Protection of Personal Data and guarantee of digital rights, and Regulation (EU) 2016/679, of the Parliament and Council, of April 27, on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data for the processing of their personal data in complete confidentiality, as well as the European regulations in force.
Measures to access information relevant to you that arise from the research or the overall results: Know that you have the right to access information generated about you in the study. To do so, you will need to contact the principal investigator. Measures taken because it is an anonymized study: data collection will be done through codes and, in no case, with names and surnames of the participants. In no case will the consent given, where the subject is identified, be combined with the questionnaires used in the study. In the use of the study results for research and/or publication purposes, the due anonymization of personal data will always be respected, so that the research subjects will not be identifiable.

There are 20 questions in the survey.
This survey is anonymous.

The record of your response in the survey does not contain any identifying information about you, unless a specific question in the survey requires it.

Even if an identifier (token) was used to access this survey, you can be assured that it has not been stored with your responses. That identifier is managed in a separate database from the survey and will only be used to indicate whether or not you have completed the survey. There is no way to identify survey responses from the identifier.

 

Welcome, and thank you very much for participating!
Hay 20 preguntas en la encuesta.
Esta encuesta es anónima.

El registro de su respuesta en la encuesta no contiene ninguna información de identificación sobre usted, a no ser que una pregunta específica de la encuesta lo requiera.

Aunque se haya utilizado un identificador (token) para acceder a esta encuesta, puede estar seguro de que no se ha guardado con sus respuestas. Ese identificador se administra en una base de datos diferente a la encuesta y sólo se utilizará para indicar si ha completado, o no, la misma. No existe ninguna forma de identificar las respuestas de la encuesta a partir del identificador.

(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)

I have been informed of the characteristics of the study I have read both information to the experimental subject, and confidentiality commitment, and I have been able to formulate the doubts that have arisen in this regard. I consider that I have understood this information. I am aware of the possibility of withdrawing from the study at any time.


If you agree to participate in the study you should answer the questions below. Taking this into consideration, I give my CONSENT to participate in this research.

 

Informed consent if you accept you can continue otherwise it will end without saving the data.
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)

 I) The following is a series of statements about the different communicative moments with patients. Indicate the degree of agreement or disagreement with them taking into account the following scale: 

 

Strongly disagree

 1 

2

 3

 4

 5

I totally agree

 

Although I am a student now, I believe that when I practice as a registered nurse or nurse practitioner.
 

 

 

      
I will be nervous when I inform the patient and / or family about how they can help in recovery.
I will be nervous when I inform the patient and / or family how contact other services.
I will be nervous when I explain the procedure to the patient and/ or family.
I will be nervous when I give time to the patient and/or family to ask questions and express their concerns.
I will be nervous to provide information to the patient and/or family to help prepare for discharge.
I will be nervous provide information on admission to the patient and/ or family.
I will be nervous provide information on nursing care to the patient and / or family at the time of discharge.
I will be nervous to provide the patient and / or family the names of the doctor and nurse responsible.
I will be nervous when I provide information to the patient and/ or family to obtain informed consent.
I will be nervous to identify what the patient and / or family understood to implement after discharge.
I will be nervous to inform the patient and / or family of how to orient in the unit (visiting hours, routines).
I will be nervous explain the procedure to the patient / or family.
I will check that the patient and/ or family has understood the information I have provided at the time of admission.
I will encourage the patient and / or family ask me when I provide information at the time of admission to the unit.
I will inform the patient and/ or family of how to orient in the unit (visiting hours, routines).
I will tend to strengthen and clarify the information provided to the patient and / or family to obtain informed consent.
I will provide information to the patient and / or family to obtain informed consent.
I will check that the patient and / or family has understood the discharge information.
I will leave time for the patient and/or family member to ask questions and raise concerns.
I will provide information to the patient and / or family on how to collaborate in carrying out the process.
I will try to know what the patient and / or family understood to implement after discharge.
It will be important to inform the patient and / or family of how to orient in the unit (visiting hours, routines).
It will be necessary to inform the patient and / or family about how they can help in recovery.
It will be necessary to provide information on discharge nursing care to the patient and / or family.
It will be necessary to work with other healthcare team members to provide information to enable the continuity of care.
   
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)

II) The following are a series of statements related to your professional practice as a registered nurse or nurse practitioner. Please indicate the degree of agreement or disagreement with each of the statements, taking into account the following scale:
 

Strongly disagree

 1 

2

 3

 4

 5

I totally agree

 
Nurses´ understanding of the emotional status of their patients, as well as that of their families is one important component of the nurse–patient relationship.
Patients value a nurse´s understanding of their feelings that is therapeutic in its own right.
Understanding body language is as important as verbal communication in nurse–patient relationships.
Patients feel better when their nurses understand their feelings.
I believe that empathy is an important therapeutic factor in the medical treatment.
Nurses should try to understand what is going on in their patients´ minds by paying attention to their nonverbal cues and body language.
Nurses should try to stand in their patients´ shoes when providing care to them.
Nurses' sense of humor contributes to a better clinical outcome.
Empathy is a therapeutic skill without which the nurses´ success is limited.
Nurses should try to think like their patients in order to render better care.
Patients' illnesses can be cured only by medical or surgical treatment
Asking patients about what is happening in their personal lives is not helpful in understanding their physical complaints.
Attentiveness to patients´ personal experiences does not influence treatment outcomes.
Attention to patients´ emotions is not important in history taking.
I do not enjoy reading nonmedical literature or the arts.
Because people are different, it is difficult to see things from patients´ perspectives.
It is difficult for a nurse to view things from patients´ perspectives.
Nurses´ understanding of their patients´ feelings and the feelings of their patients´ families does not influence medical or surgical treatment.
Nurses should not allow themselves to be influenced by strong personal bonds between their patients and their family members.
An important component of the nurse–patient relationship is understanding their patients´ feelings and the feelings of their patients´ families.
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)

III) Below are a number of statements about your emotions and feelings. Please indicate what you feel is your usual reaction in the following statements by rounding off the number that corresponds to your degree of agreement or disagreement, taking into account the following scale:

Strongly disagree

 1 

2

 3

 4

 5

I totally agree

 

 

I pay much attention to my feelings.
Usually I care much about what I´m feeling.
It is usually a waste of time to think about your emotions.
I think it´s worth paying attention to your emotions or moods.
I let my feelings interfere with what I am thinking.
I think about my mood constantly.
I often think about my feelings.
I pay a lot of attention to how I feel.
I am usually very clear about my feelings.
I am rarely confused about how I feel.
I usually know my feelings about a matter.
I can make sense out of my feelings.
I often aware of my feelings on a matter.
Always I can tell how I feel.
Sometimes I can tell what my feelings are.
I almost always know exactly how I am feeling.
Although I am sometimes sad, I have mostly optimistic outlook.
No matter how badly I feel, I try to think about pleasant things.
When I am upset, I think of all the pleasure of life.
I try to think good thoughts no matter how badly I feel.
If I find myself getting mad, I try to calm myself down.
I worry about being in too good a mood.
I have much energy when I am happy.
When I am angry I don´t usually let myself feel that way.
Suggestions, comments
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Country of birth
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Nationality
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Program
Please select the appropriate option according to the studies you are enrolled in.
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Course
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Sex
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Age
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Previous studies
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
     Have you received any specific course on how to relate to the patient and/or family members? (Ex: Empathy, Emotional Intelligence, communication...)
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
If yes, please indicate the topic and the duration of the course.
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Do you consider it important to receive education on how to relate to the patient and/or family members? (Ex: Empathy, Emotional Intelligence, communication...)
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
If yes, please indicate the topic and the duration of the course.
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Service or specialty in which you would like to work in the future
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)
Employment situation
(Esta pregunta es obligatoria)

Briefly describe the reasons that motivated you to study the registered nurse or nurse practitioner program.

 

Did not give consent and that the data will not be collected.